Qui tam lawsuits can be filed by whistleblowers under certain state false claims laws if the fraud involves Medicaid funds or money from state and local agencies.

In order for whistleblowers to receive a reward for their contributions to the recovery of state funds, most states that have whistleblower laws require the whistleblower to bring a qui tam lawsuit against the company or individual cheating the state.

Some state false claims laws apply only to fraud involving Medicaid or other state healthcare funds. In other states, the false claims law applies to a broader range of state – and sometimes local government – programs.

States with false claims laws that apply only to fraud involving Medicaid or other state healthcare funds: Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Texas and Washington.

States with laws that apply to fraud involving a broad range of state-funded programs, including Medicaid: California, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland (as of 6/1/2015), Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, and the District of Columbia.

There are also two state laws – the California Insurance Claims Fraud Prevention Act and the Illinois Insurance Claims Fraud Prevention Act – that help whistleblowers fight fraud against private insurers with the potential to receive financial rewards for their assistance.

Here are links to the false claims whistleblower laws enacted by states and the District of Columbia:

California Louisiana North Carolina
Colorado Maryland Oklahoma
Connecticut Massachusetts Rhode Island
Delaware Michigan Tennessee
District of Columbia Minnesota Texas
Florida Montana Vermont
Georgia Nevada Virginia
Hawaii New Hampshire Washington
Illinois New Jersey Wisconsin (repealed 2015 Wisconsin Act 55)
Indiana New Mexico
Iowa New York

In at least two states, Arkansas and Missouri, a whistleblower may receive a reward for providing information that leads to the recovery of state funds although these states do not allow whistleblowers to file qui tam lawsuits.

We do not list the false claims acts of states that have neither a qui tam provision nor a whistleblower reward. These include Kansas (KSA 75-7501 through 75-7511, general application), Mississippi (Miss. Code 43-13-201 through 43-13-233, Medicaid only), Nebraska (R.R.S. Neb. 68-934 et seq., Medicaid only), Oregon (ORS 180.750 through 180.785, general application) and Utah (Utah Code 26-20-1 through 26-20-15, healthcare only).

We attempt to keep the information on our site as current as possible, but you should check for recent amendments to the laws before relying on this information.

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